Did Anti-Federalists predict danger of deep state? James Warren described a "betrayer of his country ... though he may artfully have obtained an election" - American Minute with Bill Federer

Did Anti-Federalists foresee danger of deep state? "Betrayer of his country ... though he may artfully have obtained an election" -James Warren

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Did Anti-Federalists predict the likes of:
  • Castro,
  • Kim Jong-un,
  • King Abdullah,
  • Mugabe,
  • Omar al-Bashir,
  • Idi Amin,
  • Pol Pot,
  • Ho Chi Minh,
  • Stalin, and
  • Mao Zedong?
In spite of these leaders using democratic sounding titles, such as Chairman, Premier, General Secretary, Comrade, Chancellor, Prime Minister, The Dear Leader, or El Presidente, they were all authoritarian dictators.
Anti-Federalists predicted that the human tendency for power to concentrate itself into a dictatorial deep state would repeat itself in America.

Saint Augustine of Hippo, in Book One of City of God, described this trait in human nature as: "libido dominandi" - the lust to dominate.
From Cain killing Abel, to Nimrod's Tower of Babel, to a future one-world government, power, like gravity, tends to concentrate and oppress people.

Martin Guha of King’s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, wrote in "Scientific English: Ruminations on Dr. Johnson and Noah Webster," Journal of Mental Health, February 2011 (20,1: 1–4):

"The Biblical tale of the Tower of Babel suggested that if humanity had only one language, humans could become god-like. It is equally arguable however that they would become more ant-like."

Anti-Federalists opposed the new U.S. Constitution.
They did not think there were enough limits put on the new Federal Government to prevent it from usurping power and becoming a despotism.
Generations later, Eisenhower told the Governors' Conference, June 24, 1957:
"The National Government was itself the creature of the States ... Yet today it is often made to appear that the creature, Frankenstein-like, is determined to destroy the creators."
Anti-Federalists pressured the first Congress to put handcuffs on the new government with the Bill of Rights, which stated in its Preamble:
"... the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent ... abuse of its powers, that further ... restrictive clauses should be added."
Notable Anti-Federalists included:
  • Patrick Henry,
  • Samuel Adams,
  • George Mason,
  • Richard Henry Lee,
  • Robert Yates,
  • James Monroe,
  • George Clinton,
  • Melancton Smith,
  • Arthur Fenner,
  • James Winthrop,
  • Luther Martin, and
  • James & Mercy Warren.
The history preceding the formation of the Federal Government was filled with the British government trampling the rights of colonists.
Following the hated Stamp Act of 1765, the British committed the Boston Massacre in 1770, firing into a crowd, killing five.
In 1773, James Warren proposed that Samuel Adams form Committees of Correspondence to inform the rest of the nation of injustices being committed in Boston.
Sam Adams wrote:
"The rights of the colonists, and of this province in particular, as men, as Christians, and as subjects; to communicate and publish the same to the several towns in this province and to the world as the sense of this town."
The globalist British Empire increased taxes on the colonies.
In response Sam Adams organized the Boston Tea Party, December 16, 1773.
In 1774, the British retaliated by blocking Boston Harbor to starve the city into submission.
The colonists grew in their resistance to concentrated government power.
To subdue them, Britain sent over an army, which led to the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775.
Hundreds were killed, including the President of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, Dr. Joseph Warren.
A distant cousin of Joseph Warren was James Warren, who also fought at Bunker Hill.
James became the next President of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress.
James Warren was married to the famous anti-Federalist author Mercy Otis Warren, was called "the conscience of the Revolution" for her correspondence with many founding fathers.
James Warren described the Battle of Bunker Hill to his wife, Mercy Otis Warren, June 18, 1775:
"My Dear Mercy ... Extraordinary Nature of the Events which have taken place in the last 48 Hours ...
The Night before last our Troops possessed themselves of a Hill in Charlestown & had time only to heave up an Imperfect Breastwork ...
... British Regular Troops from the Batteries in Boston and two Men-of-War vessels in the Ferryway began early next Morning a Heavy Fire on them which was Continued till about Noon when they Landed a large number of Troops ...
... After a Stout resistance and great Loss on their side dispossessed our Men, who with the Accumulated disadvantages of being Exposed to the fire of their Cannon and the want (lack) of Ammunition & not being supported by fresh Troops were obliged to abandon the Town and retire to our Lines towards Cambridge ...
Savage Barbarity never practiced among Civilized Nations they fired & have Utterly destroyed the Town of Charlestown ...
... Among the first of which to our inexpressible Grief is my Friend Doctor Joseph Warren who was killed ...
Many other officers are wounded and some killed ...
It is Impossible to describe the Confusion in this place, Women and Children flying into the Country, armed Men Going to the field, and wounded Men returning from there fill the Streets ...
... I hear nothing yet but the roaring of Cannon below ...
I need not say that I long to see you, perhaps never more in my life."
James Warren, in his new position as President of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, approved the Resolution, June 16, 1775:
"It has pleased Almighty GOD in his Providence to suffer the Calamities of an unnatural War to take Place among us ...
And as we have Reason to fear, that unless we become a penitent and reformed People, we shall feel still severer Tokens of his Displeasure.
... And as the most effectual Way to escape those desolating Judgments, which so evidently hang over us ... will be -- That we repent and return everyone from his Iniquities, unto Him that correcteth us ...
... Among the prevailing Sins of this Day, which threaten the Destruction of this Land, we have Reason to lament the frequent Prophanation of the Lord's Day, or Christian Sabbath ...
It is therefore RESOLVED ... by this Congress ... the People ... throughout this Colony ... pay a religious Regard to that Day, and to the public Worship of God thereon."
At the time the U.S. Constitution was being written, Anti-Federalist James Warren submitted essays to the local newspaper under the pen name "Helvitius Priscus," who was a Roman republican who resisted the dictatorship of Emperor Nero.
On December 27, 1787, the Independent Chronicle published Warren's "Helvitius Priscus" article criticizing the Constitutional Convention:
"... that assembly, who have ambitiously and daringly presumed to annihilate the sovereignties of the thirteen United States; to establish a Draconian Code; and to bind posterity by their secret councils."
In his article, Warren referred to the Lycian League, a thriving confederation of independent Greek city-states which existed from the 8th century B.C. till its conquest in 338 B.C. by Phillip of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great.


Warren continued:
"Everyone acquainted with ancient history ... turn their thoughts to the miserable fate of the Lycians ...
a sober, virtuous people, who maintained their independence, and their freedom, for several centuries; and supported their own simple institutions, under twenty-three district sovereignties ...
... A people bearing a strong resemblance to a party in America had crept in among them, and ... an ambitious Phillip had his emissaries in that body, who by political intrigue, and well-timed plausible speeches, enabled him ... to set himself at the head of the Grecian States;
to annihilate their constitutions, and to degrade them to the most abject submission to the will of a despotic tyrant ...
... The tyrant alleged the same excuse for his encroachment, that we hear hacknied in the streets of our capitals, for subjugating the Americans."
James Warren, who died November 28, 1808. added:
"The application ... is left for the consideration of every lover of his country. America has fought for her liberties ... purchased them by the most costly sacrifices ...
And shall ... her freedom be sported away by the duplicity, and the intrigues of those, who never participated in her sufferings? ... mad ambition of a mind ready to sacrifice ... humanity for its gratification?
Forbid it Heaven! and may the people awake from a kind of apathy which seems to pervade them."
Just as today's youth have become naively enamored with socialist dictatorships, the youth of Warren's day were similarly enticed.


James Warren continued his admonition:
"Let the youth of America ... instead of indulging a rapturous admiration for the modern superficial speechifyers in favor of an American monarchy,
let them examine the principles of the late glorious revolution ... and before they embrace the chains of servitude, let them scrutinize ... if their pride ... will suffer them to lick the hand of a despotic master ...
Let him be stigmatized with the odium ... the base betrayer of the rights of his country ... though he may artfully have obtained an election ...
Let the old Patriots come forward, and instead of secretly wrapping up their opinions within their own breasts, let them lift up the voice like a trumpet, and show this people their folly and ... impending danger."

Another Anti-Federalist was Patrick Henry, the five-time Governor of Virginia, renown for his phrase: "Give me liberty or give me death."
Though America may have very good leaders, in the future, someone a corrupt deep state bureaucracy may usurp power and trample the rights of citizens.
This was Patrick Henry's concern when he warned Virginia's Ratifying Convention, June 5, 1788:
"Examples are to be found in ancient Greece and ancient Rome ... of the people losing their liberty by their carelessness and the ambition of a few ...
We are told that we need not fear; because those in power, being our Representatives, will not abuse the power we put in their hands:
I am not well versed in history, but I will submit to your recollection, whether liberty has been destroyed ... by the tyranny of rulers? ..."
Henry continued:
"Those nations ... negligently suffering their liberty to be wrested from them, have groaned under intolerable despotism.
Most of the human race are now in this deplorable condition ...
My great objection to this (Federal) Government is, that it does not leave us the means of defending our rights, or of waging war against tyrants ...
Let my beloved Americans guard against that fatal lethargy ...
I would recur to the American spirit to defend us ... to that illustrious spirit I address my most fervent prayer, to prevent our adopting a system destructive to liberty ..."
Henry added:
"Oh, Sir, we should have fine times indeed, if to punish tyrants ...
Your arms wherewith you could defend yourselves, are gone ...
... Did you ever read of any revolution in a nation, brought about by the punishment of those in power, inflicted by those who had no power at all? ...
A few neighbors cannot assemble without the risk of being shot by a hired soldiery, the engines of despotism.
We may see such an act in America."
Effectively foreseeing "critical race theory" purging the military of all but "yes men" of the President, Henry added:
"A standing army we shall have also, to execute the execrable commands of tyranny: And how are you to punish them? ...
What resistance could be made?
The attempt would be madness ...
You cannot force them to receive their punishment: Of what service would militia be to you, when most probably you will not have a single musket in the State ...
... Can the annals of mankind exhibit one single example, where rulers overcharged with power willingly let go the oppressed ...
A willing relinquishment of power is one of those things which human nature never was, nor ever will be capable of."
Henry wrote further:
"When the American spirit was in its youth ... liberty, Sir, was then the primary object ...
We drew the spirit of liberty from our British ancestors; by that spirit we have triumphed over every difficulty:
But now, Sir, the American spirit, assisted by the ropes and chains of consolidation, is about to convert this country to a powerful and mighty empire ...
... If you make the citizens of this country agree to become the subjects of one great consolidated empire of America ... such a government is incompatible with the genius of republicanism.
There will be no checks, no real balances, in this government ...
Suppose it should prove oppressive, how can it be altered? ...
... Is it not, therefore, a consolidated government? ... with very extensive powers -- the powers of a king."
Patrick Henry stated further:
"This Constitution is said to have beautiful features; but when I come to examine these features, sir, they appear to me horribly frightful ...
... It squints towards monarchy ...
... it will puzzle any American ever to get his neck from under the galling yoke ...
... What will then become of you and your rights?
Will not absolute despotism ensue? ...
My great objection to the Constitution - is - ... that the preservation of our liberty depends on the single chance of men being virtuous enough to make laws to punish themselves."

Jefferson wrote in his Notes on Virginia Query 8, 1782 (ME 2:164):
"All the powers of government, legislative, executive, and judiciary ... in the same hands is precisely the definition of despotic government ...
Let those who doubt it turn their eyes on the republic of Venice ...
Legislative, executive and judiciary department should be separate ... so that no person should exercise the powers of more than one of them at the same time ...
Nor should our assembly be deluded by the integrity of their own purposes, and conclude that these unlimited powers will never be abused, because themselves are not disposed to abuse them.
They should look forward to a time, and that not a distant one, when corruption in this, as in the country from which we derive our origin, will have seized the heads of government, and be spread by them through the body of the people; when they will purchase the voices of the people, and make them pay the price.
Human nature is the same on every side of the Atlantic, and will be alike influenced by the same causes."
The wisdom of the Anti-Federalists is being revisited in light of:
  • unelected Supreme Court Justices usurping power to overturn the will of the people;
  • past Presidents effectively enacting laws through executive orders, proclamations, memoranda, and regulatory bureaucracy; and
  • Congressmen relinquishing their role of being representatives of the people, in many instances, to the United Nations.
President Andrew Jackson warned in his Farewell Address, March 4, 1837:
"Men who profit by the abuses and desire to perpetuate them will continue to besiege the halls of legislation in the General Government ... and will seek by every artifice to mislead and deceive the public servants ...
You have no longer any cause to fear danger from abroad; your strength and power are well known throughout the civilized world, as well as the high and gallant bearing of your sons.
It is from within, among yourselves - from cupidity - greed - from corruption, from ... inordinate thirst for power - that factions will be formed and liberty endangered.
It is against such designs, whatever disguise the actors may assume, that you have especially to guard yourselves."
Jefferson wrote in his Notes on Virginia Query 8, 1782 (ME 2:165):
"The time to guard against corruption and tyranny is before they shall have gotten hold of us. It is better to keep the wolf out of the fold, than to trust to drawing his teeth and talons after he shall have entered."
American Minute is a registered trademark of William J. Federer. Permission granted to forward, reprint, or duplicate.
Image Credits: Public Domain; "Give me liberty, or give me death!" Patrick Henry delivering his great speech on the rights of the colonies, before the Virginia Assembly, convened at Richmond, March 23rd 1775, concluding with the above sentiment, which became the war cry of the revolution; Date: circa 1876; Source: https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2001700209/ ; Author: Currier & Ives; US-LibraryOfCongress-BookLogo.svg ; United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID cph.3b50326 ; lithograph; Reproduction Number LC-USZC2-2452 ; Call Number: PGA - Currier & Ives--Give me liberty; Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540; Reference print in LOT 4412 AC; Currier & Ives: a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, c1983, no. 2584; Henry, Patrick,--1736-1799; Virginia.--General Assembly.--House of Burgesses--People--1770-1780; Public speaking--Virginia--Williamsburg--1770-1780; United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783; https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2001700209/ ; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Patrick_Henry_speaking_before_the_Virginia_Assembly.tiff
Portrait of Samuel Adams (1722-1803); Artist: John Singleton Copley (1738–1815); Blue pencil.svg wikidata:Q316016 s:en: Date: circa 1772; Collection: Museum of Fine Arts Boston; Blue pencil.svg ; wikidata:Q49133 ; Accession number      L-R 30.76c (Museum of Fine Arts Boston) ID: 30881 ; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Samuel_Adams_by_John_Singleton_Copley.jpg
Portrait of George Mason (1725-1792); Artist: Boudet, Dominic W.; after John Hesselius (1728–1778) Blue pencil.svg wikidata:Q5804007; American patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention, "Father of the Bill of Rights"; For all of these reasons he is considered to be one of the "Founding Fathers" of the United States; Date: 1750; Painted around the time of Mason’s first marriage;
Source/Photographer: http://web9r.durango.k12.co.us/grants/teachingamhistory/images/george_mason.jpg ; https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:George_Mason.jpg

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  • James Loyd Rushing on


  • John on

    I learn a full view of history and the true effect of Christians’ and Christ work through us and the impact it has on the world. These writings also protect you from the indoctrination of the world and allow you to think freely.

    Thank you sir, This is important work.

  • Dave Shirvis on

    Thanks for words of what looks to me be of wisdom and warning Bill Federer.

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