George W. Carver wrote in A Brief Sketch of My Life, 1922:
"I would never allow anyone to give me money, no difference how badly I needed it. I wanted literally to earn my living."
Booker T. Washington stated:
"Anyone can seek a job, but it requires a person of rare ability to create a job ... What we should do in our schools is to turn out fewer job seekers and more job creators."
"At the bottom ... there must be for our race, as for all races ... economic prosperity, economic independence ... Political independence disappears without economic independence."