Historically, slavery in America was not a Black versus White issue, it was a Republican versus Democrat issue.
Prior to the Civil War, America was divided into five categories:
1. Radical Republicans in the North: whose attitude was slavery is wrong--end it now.
They believed all human lives mattered, whether on or off a plantation, and all were equal, created in the image of God.
This group included abolitionists, the Underground Railroad, anti-slavery Christian preachers, the fringe John Brown, and many who fought in the Union Army and gave their lives to free the slaves.
2. Moderate Republicans: whose attitude was that slavery is wrong but the country should transition out of it gradually over time so slaves could be prepared for freedom.
3. Practical Neutral Voters: who cared little about the value of human life. They were more concerned about money issues, their pocketbook, jobs, wages, economy and tax-tariff issues.