Sojourner Truth, Betsey Stockton, Harriet Tubman, & Anna Murray-Douglass - American Minute with Bill Federer

& Anna Murray-Douglass - American Minute with Bill Federer Betsey Stockton Harriet Tubman Sojourner Truth

Sojourner Truth was born a slave in New York in 1797, she spoke only Dutch until sold around the age of 9, together with a flock of sheep, for $100.
Suffering hardships, her third master made her marry an older slave with whom she had five children.
 
In 1827, Sojourner Truth escaped to Canada.
After New York abolished slavery, she returned as a domestic servant and helped with Elijah Pierson's street-corner preaching.
In 1843, Sojourner Truth heard "a voice from Heaven" and began spreading "God's truth and plan for salvation."
 
In Massachusetts, Sojourner worked with abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass, and his wife, Anna Murry-Douglass.
In 1838, Anna Murray-Douglass had helped Frederick escape slavery by providing sailors clothing and identification papers.
Anna used their home in Rochester, New York, as a stop for the Underground Railroad, giving food, clean clothes, and a safe place to stay for fugitive slaves headed to Canada.
After the Emancipation Proclamation, Sojourner Truth moved to Washington, D.C., met Lincoln and helped former slaves.
She dictated her biography, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A Northern Slave (1850), stating:
"When I left the house of bondage I left everything behind. I wanted to keep nothing of Egypt on me, and so I went to the Lord and asked him to give me a new name."
Sojourner Truth continued:
"I set up my banner, and then I sing, and then folks always comes up 'round me, and then...I tells them about Jesus."
Her last full day on earth was NOVEMBER 25, 1883. Sojourner Truth would begin her messages:
"Children, I talk to God and God talks to me."
Betsey Stockton was born into slavery around 1798.
Her owner, Ashbel Green, was president of Princeton. He freed her in 1817, and she became a member of the First Presbyterian Church.
While she continued to work for the Green family as a paid domestic help, they taught her to read.
She enthusiastically read through Dr. Green's library, and attended classes at Princeton Theological Seminary.
She began to feel a call to become a missionary.
When Betsey Stockton heard that some Princeton students planned to go as missionaries to Hawaii, she asked to go along.
Dr. Green and her Sunday school teacher wrote recommendation letters to the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, which commissioned her as America's first single woman missionary sent overseas.
 
On November 22, 1822, she set sail with the second missionary team from New Haven, Connecticut, to Hawaii.
It was a five-month voyage.
Settling in Lāhainā on Maui, she helped start the first mission school and served as the teacher.
Betsey taught islanders English, Latin, history and algebra.
 
In two years, over 8,000 students attended 200 schools.
An edition of Betsey Stockton’s Hawaiian diary was published in the Christian Advocate, 1824 and 1825, by Dr. Reverend Dr. Ashbel Green, President of Princeton University.
Betsey wrote of an island church service:
"The 29th was the Sabbath. I went in the morning with the family to worship: the scene that presented itself was one that would have done an American’s heart good to have witnessed.
Our place of worship was nothing but an open place on the beach, with a large tree to shelter us: on the ground a large mat was laid, on which the chief persons sat.
To the right there was a sofa, and a number of chairs; on these the missionaries, the king, and principal persons sat.
The kanakas, or lower class of people, sat on the ground in rows; leaving a passage open to the sea, from which the breeze was blowing ..."
 
Betsey continued:
"Mr. R. addressed them from these words, “It is appointed unto all men once to die, and after death the judgment.” Honoru acted as interpreter: the audience all appeared very solemn.
After service the favorite queen called me, and requested that I should take a seat with her on the sofa, which I did, although I could say but few words which she could understand.
Soon after, bidding them aloha, I returned with the family."
 
Betsey wrote of being the first teacher of Hawaii’s first mission school:
"In the afternoon we had an English sermon at our house: about fifty were present, and behaved well.
In the morning one of the king’s boys came to the house, desiring to be instructed in English.
Mr. S. thought it would be well for me to engage in the work at once. Accordingly, I collected a proper number and commenced. I had four English, and six Hawaiian scholars."
In 1823, Queen Ka’ahumanu and six high chiefs requested to be baptized as Christians.
She then banned prostitution and drunkenness, resulting in sailors resenting the missionaries’ influence.
Queen Ka’ahumanu helped spread the Gospel in the islands, beginning a “Great Awakening.” She was presented with the newly completed version of the New Testament in the Hawaiian language just prior to her death.
 
Betsey Stockton sailed back to New England where she helped found Princeton's First Presbyterian Church of Color in 1835.
There, she organized and taught a Sabbath School.
The church memorialized her with a stained-glass window.
She also was a principal and taught at a school in Philadelphia. She established a school for Indians at Grape Island, Canada, and taught students of color at Princeton.
Harriet Tubman (c.1820-March 10, 1913) was a former slave who repeatedly risked her life to free over 300 slaves from Southern Democrat slave plantations.
 
The trails she took became known as the Underground Railroad.
After the Civil War, she helped set up schools for freed slaves.
Harriet Tubman stated:
"I always told God: I'm gwine to hole stiddy on to you, and you got to see me trou ... Jes so long as He wants to use me, He'll tak ker of me, and when He don't want me any longer, I'm ready to go."
To her biographer, Sarah H. Bradford, Harriet Tubman related in 1868:
"'Twant me, 'twas the Lord. I always told him, "I trust to you. I don't know where to go or what to do, but I expect you to lead me," and he always did."
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