"Squanto ... a special instrument sent of God for their good beyond their expectation"-Pilgrim Governor William Bradford - American Minute with Bill Federer

"Squanto ... a special instrument sent of God for their good beyond their expectation"-Pilgrim Governor William Bradford

Of 102 Pilgrims that landed on the shores of Massachusetts in November of 1620, only half survived till Spring.
In the Spring of 1621, as recorded by Pilgrim Governor William Bradford in his Of Plymouth Plantation:
"About the 16th of March, a certain Indian came boldly amongst them and spoke to them in broken English ... His name was Samoset.
... He told them also of another Indian whose name was Squanto, a native of this place, who had been in England and could speak better English than himself ..."
Samoset's initial visit to the Pilgrims was recorded in Mourt's Relation, written by Edward Winslow and Governor William Bradford in 1622:
"Friday the 16th a fair warm day towards; this morning we determined to conclude of the military orders, which we had begun to consider of before but were interrupted by the savages, as we mentioned formerly;
and whilst we were busied hereabout, we were interrupted again, for there presented himself a savage, which caused an alarm.
... He very boldly came all alone and along the houses straight to the rendezvous, where we intercepted him, not suffering him to go in, as undoubtedly he would, out of his boldness.
He saluted us in English, and bade us welcome, for he had learned some broken English among the Englishmen that came to fish at Monchiggon, and knew by name the most of the captains, commanders, and masters that usually come.
... He was a man free in speech, so far as he could express his mind, and of a seemly carriage.
We questioned him of many things; he was the first savage we could meet withal.
He said he was not of these parts, but of Morattiggon, and one of the sagamores or lords thereof, and had been eight months in these parts, it lying hence a day's sail with a great wind, and five days by land.
He discoursed of the whole country, and of every province, and of their sagamores, and their number of men, and strength.
... The wind being to rise a little, we cast a horseman's coat about him, for he was stark naked, only a leather about his waist, with a fringe about a span long, or little more; he had a bow and two arrows, the one headed, and the other unheaded.
He was a tall straight man, the hair of his head black, long behind, only short before, none on his face at all;
he asked some beer, but we gave him strong water and biscuit, and butter, and cheese, and pudding, and a piece of mallard, all which he liked well, and had been acquainted with such amongst the English ..."
Mourt's Relation continued:
"Samoset told us the place where we now live is called Patuxet,
and that about four years ago all the inhabitants died of an extraordinary plague, and there is neither man, woman, nor child remaining, as indeed we have found none, so as there is none to hinder our possession, or to lay claim unto it.
All the afternoon we spent in communication with him; we would gladly have been rid of him at night, but he was not willing to go this night.
Then we thought to carry him on shipboard, wherewith he was well content, and went into the shallop (small boat), but the wind was high and the water scant, that it could not return back.
We lodged him that night at Stephen Hopkins' house, and watched him ..."
Mourt's Relation continued:
"The next day he went away back to the Massasoits, from whence he said he came, who are our next bordering neighbors.
They are sixty strong, as he saith ...
The Nausets are as near southeast of them, and are a hundred strong, and those were they of whom our people were encountered, as before related.
They are much incensed and provoked against the English, and about eight months ago slew three Englishmen,
and two more hardly escaped by flight to Monchiggon; they were Sir Ferdinando Gorges his men, as this savage told us ...
... These people are ill affected towards the English, by reason of one (Thomas) Hunt, a master of a ship, who deceived the people, and got them under color of trucking (bartering) with them, twenty out of this very place where we inhabit, and seven men from Nauset,
and carried them away, and sold them for slaves like a wretched man -- for twenty pound a man -- that cares not what mischief he doth for his profit.
Saturday, in the morning we dismissed the savage, and gave him a knife, a bracelet, and a ring; he promised within a night or two to come again, and to bring with him some of the Massasoits, our neighbors, with such beavers' skins as they had to truck with us."

Governor Bradford wrote that a few days later, "Tishsquantum," or Squanto arrived with the neighboring Wampanoag Chief Massasiot:
"Massasoyt, who about four or five days after, came with the chief of his friends and other attendants, and with Squanto.
... With him, after friendly entertainment and some gifts, they made a peace which has now continued for twenty-four years."

Governor Bradford described Squanto:
"Squanto stayed with them and was their interpreter and was a special instrument sent of God for their good beyond their expectation.
He showed them how to plant corn, where to take fish and other commodities, and guided them to unknown places, and never left them till he died."
Bradford added:
"The settlers, as many as were able, then began to plant their corn, in which service Squanto stood them in good stead, showing them how to plant it and cultivate it.
... He also told them that unless they got fish to manure this exhausted old soil, it would come to nothing,
and he showed them that in the middle of April plenty of fish would come up the brook by which they had begun to build, and taught them how to catch it, and where to get other necessary provisions; all of which they found true by experience ...
Nor was there a man among them who had ever seen a beaver skin till they came out, and were instructed by Squanto."
Though records are scarce, it appears that Squanto may have been one of the five natives kidnapped around 1605 by Captain George Weymouth's expedition.
Sailing his ship Archangel, Weymouth was employed by the newly formed British East India Company to find a Northwest Passage to India and China.
Sea voyages to find a Northwest Passage were first conceived after the Muslim Ottoman Turks had cut off the eastern land routes to India and China a century and a half earlier.

Captain George Weymouth brought the natives back to England where they were introduced to William Shakespeare and the Earl of South Hampton, who funded both Shakespeare and the voyages.
Three of the natives went to live in Plymouth, England, with Sir Ferdinando Gorges, who also funded the expedition and later, the settlement of Maine.
In A Briefe Narration of the Originall Undertakings for the Advancement of Plantations into the Parts of America (London: 1658), Sir Ferdinando Gorges mentioned the name "Tasquantum':
"(Captain George Weymouth, having failed at finding a Northwest Passage) happened into a River on the Coast of America, called Pemmaquid, from whence he brought five of the Natives, three of whose names were Manida, Sellwarroes, and Tasquantum, whom I seized upon, they were all of one Nation, but of several parts, and several Families;
This accident must be acknowledged the means under God of putting on foot, and giving life to all our Plantations."
In 1614, an expedition sailed to map the coast of New England, with Squanto traveling along as interpreter.
At this time, Squanto was able to return to his tribe of Patuxet.

Later that same year, 1614, Squanto was kidnapped again, along with some other natives, by the wretched Captain Thomas Hunt, who took them to Malaga, Spain, a city notorious for slave trading, begun during its Muslim occupation.
Had the Muslim Ottoman Empire not been occupied from the 15th to 17th centuries with conquests in Venice, Wallachia, Moldava, Hungary, Rhodes, Malta, Cyprus, Austria, and Poland-Lithuania, it may have colonized the New World, and native American culture may have been completely erased and replaced with Islamic culture, just as the Byzantine Christian culture was replaced in Turkey.
In Spain, Squanto appears to have been rescued by some Catholic friars, who may have introduced him to some Christian concepts. They proceeded to give him his freedom.
Sir Ferdinando Gorges wrote in A briefe relation of the discovery and plantation of New England, 1622, London, that Captain Thomas Hunt was able to sell a few natives, but when "friars of those parts" discovered his unscrupulous activity, they took the rest of the natives to be "instructed in the Christian Faith; and so disappointed this unworthy fellow of his hopes of gain."
The friars gave Squanto his freedom and he made his way to England, where he was hired by John Slaney, treasurer of the Newfoundland Company.
He then worked for Newfoundland Colony Governor John Mason, who was later granted the patent for New Hampshire.
Squanto then worked for Captain Thomas Dermer, an agent of Sir Ferdinando Gorges.

Governor Bradford wrote:
"(Squanto) was a native of these parts, and had been one of the few survivors of the plague hereabouts.
He was carried away with others by one Hunt, a captain of a ship, who intended to sell them for slaves in Spain ..."
Bradford continued:
"Squanto got away for England, and was received by a merchant in London, and employed in Newfoundland and other parts, and lastly brought into these parts by a Captain Dermer, a gentleman employed by Sir Ferdinand Gorges ..."
In 1619, Squanto was finally able to return to his Patuxet tribe, but sadly found that they had all died in a plague.

As tragic as his kidnapping had been, it may have saved Squanto from dying in that plague.
The plague may have come from survivors of a French ship wrecked at Cape Cod in 1617, as Governor William Bradford:
"About three years before, a French ship was wrecked at Cape Cod, but the men got ashore and saved their lives and a large part of their provisions.
When the Indians heard of it, they surrounded them and never left watching and dogging them
till they got the advantage and killed them, all but three or four, whom they kept,
and sent from one Sachem to another, making sport with them and using them worse than slaves."
Such accounts were related by French Catholic missionaries.
Though they were unarmed and sought to peacefully reach natives, many suffered the fate of martyrs.
One was Fr. Isaac Jogues, who taken prisoner by the Iroquois in 1641.
Indians gnawed off two of his fingers and roughly sawed off his thumb.
He was forced to run the deadly gauntlet, as described in The Jesuit Martyrs of North America, but before they could kill him, he escaped.
He wandered till he found some Dutch fur traders who helped him make his way back to Quebec.
From there, he was able to sail back to France.
Isaac Jogues later returned to America to continue his missionary work, where he was eventually killed.
Other French missionaries who died included: Charles Garnier, Rene Goupil, Anthony Daniel.
French Missionary Fr. John de Brebeuf wrote to newly arrived missionaries:
"You must love these Huron, ransomed by the blood of the Son of God, as brothers."
Brebeuf wrote an extensive history of the Huron people and tried to find similarities with which he could present the Gospel.
Before he was martyred, he wrote Canada's oldest Christmas carol, which was written in the Huron language:
'Twas in the moon of winter-time
When all the birds had fled,
That mighty Gitchi Manitou (Great Spirit)
Sent angel choirs instead;
Before their light the stars grew dim,
And wandering hunters heard the hymn:
"Jesus your King is born, Jesus is born,
In excelsis gloria."
Within a lodge of broken bark
The tender Babe was found,
A ragged robe of rabbit skin
Enwrapp'd His beauty round;
But as the hunter braves drew nigh,
The angel song rang loud and high ...
"Jesus your King is born, Jesus is born,
In excelsis gloria."
The earliest moon of wintertime
Is not so round and fair
As was the ring of glory
On the helpless infant there.
The chiefs from far before him knelt
With gifts of fox and beaver pelt.
"Jesus your King is born, Jesus is born,
In excelsis gloria."
O children of the forest free,
O sons of Manitou,
The Holy Child of earth and heaven
Is born today for you.
Come kneel before the radiant Boy
Who brings you beauty, peace and joy.
"Jesus your King is born, Jesus is born,
In excelsis gloria."

Governor William Bradford continued his account of Squanto:
"Captain Thomas Dermer had been here the same year that the people of the Mayflower arrived, as appears in an account written by him, and given to me by a friend, bearing date, June 30th, 1620 ...
'I will first begin,' says he, 'with the place from which Squanto -- or Tisquantem -- was taken away, which in Captain John Smith's map is called 'Plymouth'; and I would that Plymouth, England, had the same commodities.
I could wish that the first plantation might be situated here, if there came to the number of fifty persons or upward; otherwise at Charlton, because there the savages are less to be feared ...'"
Bradford quoted Captain Thomas Dermer further:
"The Pokanokets -- Patuxet -- who live to the west of Plymouth, bear an inveterate hatred to the English ...
For this reason Squanto cannot deny but they would have killed me when I was at Namasket, had he not interceded hard for me.'"

Bradford mentioned another native:
"Another Indian, called Hobbamok came to live with them, a fine strong man, of some account amongst the Indians for his valor and qualities.
He remained very faithful to the English till he died.
He and Squanto having gone upon business among the Indians, a Sachem called Corbitant ... began to quarrel with them, and threatened to stab Hobbamok;
but he being a strong man, cleared himself of him, and came running away, all sweating, and told the Governor what had befallen him, and that he feared they had killed Squanto ...
So it was resolved to send the Captain and fourteen men, well armed ... The Captain, giving orders to let none escape, entered to search for him.
But Corbitant had gone away that day; so they missed him, but learned that Squanto was alive, and that Corbitant had only threatened to kill him, and made as if to stab him, but did not."

Governor William Bradford wrote the sad account of Squanto's death in LATE SEPTEMBER 1622:
"After this, on the 18th of September, they sent out their shallop (small sailboat) with ten men and Squanto as guide and interpreter to the Massachusetts, to explore the bay and trade with the natives, which they accomplished, and were kindly received ...
Captain Standish was appointed to go with them, and Squanto as a guide and interpreter, about the LATTER END OF SEPTEMBER;
but the winds drove them in; and putting out again, Captain Standish fell ill with fever, so the Governor Bradford went himself.
But they could not get round the shoals of Cape Cod, for flats and breakers, and Squanto could not direct them better.
The captain of the boat dare not venture any further, so they put into Manamoick Bay, and got what they could there ..."

Bradford concluded:
"Here Squanto fell ill of Indian fever, bleeding much at the nose, which the Indians take for a symptom of death, and within a few days he died.
He begged the Governor to pray for him, that he might go to the Englishmen's God in Heaven, and bequeathed several of his things to some of his English friends, as remembrances.
His death was a great loss."
As half of the Pilgrims died that first winter, there was the real possibility that they would not have survived another, had it not been for Squanto. Governor Bradford acknowledged:
"Squanto ... was a special instrument sent of God for their good beyond their expectation."
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  • Peter E. Masti RN on

    I have been getting these “American Minutes” for years and loved them! Just today I realized that there was so much more if I had scrolled down further! I have saved many of them over the years. We home schooled all three of our children starting in the early 90’s when we found out how much of our history was being change and God total left out of America’s history! Home schooling was hard in the beginning, but are so blessed by it! Now our eldest daughter is home schooling her children. Is it a problem if I forward these "minutes’ to her, or is there and easier why? Her eldest, Isabella, would love these as she is 8 now and a voracious reader. Praying for our nation reverses the course it is on now. We need to know the real history of our great God given country. By His grace this nation will turn back to God, evil purged and Godliness restored. We will make America great again! God Bless you who reads this. Have a great Thanksgiving! In His Wonderful Grace and service, Peter E. Masti RN

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